Difference between orthogonal and axonometric projections?

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**Axonometry provides an image projection which, unlike orthogonal projections, returns a unitary image of the object, with the substantial advantage of a three-dimensional view. ... The center of projection is placed at infinity and the projecting rays are kept parallel to each other.**

## What are the orthogonal and axonometric projections used for?

The Axonometric Projections (or Axonometries), constitute a synthetic method of the technical drawing that allows you to have a general view of an object through a single VIEW. ... The object to be represented is arranged in space with faces parallel (or not) to three projection planes (PO, PV

## What is Monometric Axonometry?

The monometric axonometry is an oblique axonometry in which the x and y axes lie on the picture, and the projecting rays are oriented so that the length of the projection of the z axis of the heights is unchanged.

## How is Dimetric axonometry done?

Dimetric oblique axonometry (cavaliera) provides for the parallel picture and therefore keeps the elevation with real measurements (as if it were the front view in the orthogonal projections): on the y axis the measurements must be halved, for a more realistic graphic and visual rendering.

## What are the various types of axonometry?

Here the definition of cavalier axonometry and axonometry is presented, but also the various types of axonometry, which are the following: oblique isometric, generic isometric, orthogonal isometric and finally isometric isometric.

## Orthogonal projections and isometric axonometries

## Find 39 related questions

### What are the 3 types of axonometry?

Depending on the positioning of the axes, we can have countless forms of axonometry, but among the most common normed ones, we find:- ISOMETRIC AXONOMETRY.
- ASSONOMETRIA MONOMETRICA.
- KNIGHT AXONOMETRY.

### In which type of axonometry is the top view best highlighted?

- in the monometric axonometry the x and y axes relative to the horizontal plane PO form an angle of 90o, enhancing the view from the top of the object: it is a view used by architects and surveyors when you want to highlight the plan of the building.

### What are the differences between top view and bottom view axonometries?

in the dimetric axonometry (cavaliera) one of the floors coincides with the painting and, usually, with the front view (prospectus) in real dimensions; in the monometric axonometry the measurements do not vary in the top view (plan) which must be drawn with real measurements.

### What differentiates the orthogonal axonometries from the oblique ones?

- An isometric projection is defined OBLIQUE if the isometric plane is parallel to one of the three planes and the projecting rays intersect it obliquely. ... If the rays are orthogonal to the axonometric picture, on the other hand, an orthogonal axonometry is obtained.

### How is an axonometric drawing done?

For the realization of the isometric axonometry instead you will have to draw a horizontal line. Subsequently, another line must be created, this time vertical, which will be the Z axis. To be correct, this line must originate from any point of the previous line and be perpendicular.

### What is the military axonometry?

The cavalier axonometry is called military if the projection plane is horizontal. As the picture is parallel to the horizontal plane, the plan retains its true shape and size. For this reason it was used in the past by military engineers to quickly represent the extension of fortifications.

### What is the difference between isometric and monometric axonometry?

In isometric axonometry, the x, y axes are inclined by 30 ° with respect to the horizon, while the z axis is vertical. ... In the monometric axonometry the axes are inclined by 60 ° and 30 °. The measurements of the side of the cube must be reduced to 6 cm.

### What is isometric axonometry used for?

Isometric axonometry, like all axonometry, is a method of representing an object by offering an effective overview but at the same time giving precise information on the measures that characterize it: from the axonometry of an object and knowing the scale in which it axonometry is performed is ...

### What are middle school orthogonal projections?

Orthogonal projections are a method of graphic representation that allows you to represent three-dimensional reality on two-dimensional projection planes.

### What are the fundamental elements of axonometry?

1. The fundamental elements of the axonometry are: 3 orthogonal planes (π1, π2 and π3), 3 Cartesian axes (x, y and z), an axonometric framework (π) with the relative traces on the trihedron which, meeting the axes, determine the points Tx, Ty and Tz.

### How many projection methods Are there which generate orthogonal and axonometric projections?

The main methods of representation, such as perspective, axonometry and orthogonal projections (with the Monge method), are based on two types of projections: Parallel projections, also called cylindrical projections. Central projections, also called conic projections.

### What is the axonometric picture?

The axonometric representation is based on the projection of a three-dimensional object from a projection center placed at infinity (improper center) on a representation plane called an axonometric picture.

### How is an isometric axonometry done?

First draw a line as a reference, a few centimeters from the base of the paper and, placing the 45 degree square on it, define the x and y axes using the 30 degree square. At the point where the x and y axes intersect, draw the z axis perpendicular to the reference line.

### How do you place the squares for isometric axonometry?

Now the 45 ° square is positioned by aligning it precisely along the horizontal side of the sheet squaring and the 30 ° -60 ° square is placed on it to trace with the 2H pencil a line parallel to the x axis, referring to the length, to the mark we left shortly before to indicate the 6 ...

### What are the geometric elements necessary for the construction of an axonometric projection?

The elements to perform an axonometry are: - the projection planes (PO, PV, PL) perpendicular to each other; - the axonometric, or Cartesian, x, y, z axes, where the measurements of the objects are reported, determined by the intersection lines of the three fundamental paintings and which, therefore, are perpendicular to each other (the ...

### What are orthogonal axonometries?

Axonometry is a representation method that preserves the parallelism between straight lines and is a type of projection called cylindrical or parallel as the visual rays are parallel to each other. ... When the direction of the center of view R∞ is orthogonal with respect to the plane π, the axonometric projection is called orthogonal.

### What is the reduction factor of the Monometric axonometry along the vertical axis?

In this type of axonometry the z 'axis is vertical, and forms angles of 120 ° with the x' and y 'axes. The three axes thus form three equal angles. The reduction ratios on the axes are the same (being an isometric axonometry) and the reduction coefficient is approximately 0,816.

### When does it occur that parallel segments in reality remain parallel even in axonometry?

All the lines that in reality or in the vision of the orthogonal projections are parallel to the ground line will continue to be parallel to each other even in the axonometric vision and therefore parallel to the X and Y axes.

### What are the planes of orthogonal projections?

Therefore we can assert that the Orthogonal Projections are nothing but images of the solid that are projected with lines perpendicular to the projection planes. To represent the space of our planet, three planes are sufficient: the horizontal plane, the vertical plane and the lateral plane.

### What type of axonometry allows you to read the elevation of an object in real proportions and dimensions?

in the case of oblique axonometries, if the projection of the circle falls on the plane parallel to the axonometric plane, the circle maintains its proportion and therefore can be traced in real size starting directly from the center.