How is the Pythagorean theorem expressed?

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**Statement. In every right triangle the square built on the hypotenuse is equivalent to the union of the squares built on the legs. or: In each right triangle the area of โโthe square constructed on the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the areas of the squares constructed on the legs.**

## What does the Pythagorean theorem apply to?

The Pythagorean theorem is a fundamental result of the geometry concerning the right triangle and which expresses a very important relationship between the sides, in particular it allows to obtain the measure of one of the three sides (hypotenuse or a cathetus) knowing the measures of the other two sides .

## How was the Pythagorean theorem discovered?

Seated in a large hall of the palace of the tyrant of Samos, Pythagoras began to observe the square tiles of the floor. If he had cut a tile in two along a diagonal, he would have obtained two equal right-angled triangles.

## How to calculate the area of โโa right triangle with the Pythagorean theorem?

The area of โโthe right triangle can be calculated by multiplying the measurements of the two legs and dividing the result by 2, or by dividing the product between the measurements of the hypotenuse and the height of the right triangle by 2.

## How does the Pythagorean theorem on the square apply?

So we can say that the measurement of the DIAGONAL of a SQUARE is obtained by MULTIPLICATING the measurement of its side by the square root of 2. And since the square root of 2 is equal to 1,414 we can also write that: d = 1,414 x l. Example: the diagonal of a square measures 5 m.

## Pythagorean Theorem and First Applications

## Find 20 related questions

### How does the Pythagorean theorem apply to the equilateral triangle?

The height CH divides the triangle into two congruent right-angled triangles which have the height h for legs and half of the side l / 2 and for the hypotenuse the side l of the equilateral triangle. Therefore: The measure of the height of an equilateral triangle is obtained by multiplying half of the measure of the side by โ3.

### How to find the height of a triangle from the perimeter?

In any triangle, the measurement of the height is calculated by dividing the double area of โโthe triangle by the measurement of the side on which the height falls.

### How to find the area and the perimeter with the Pythagorean theorem?

The perimeter of a right triangle is given by the sum of the measurements of its sides, therefore to determine the perimeter the length of the hypotenuse must be added to the measurements of the two sides of the right triangle.

### How to find the area with the hypotenuse?

Right triangle area with the hypotenuse

That is, Area = base by height divided by two. Statement of the formula: the area of โโthe right triangle is calculated by performing the half product between the hypotenuse and the height relative to the hypotenuse.

### How to calculate the area of โโa right triangle knowing the height?

In one of the previous lessons we saw that the TRIANGLE AREA is obtained by MULTIPLICATING the measurement of the BASE by the relative HEIGHT and DIVIDING the product obtained by 2. h = height.

### When was the Pythagorean theorem born?

We find traces of the theorem in China that are linked to Chou Pei Suang Ching, one of the oldest Chinese books of mathematics dating back to 1500 BC. In fact, in the drawing we see a right triangle with sides 3, 4 and 5 and a large square with side 7 = 3 + 4, if we double the four triangles we get the big square ...

### How are the cathets located?

The measurement of a cathetus is equivalent to that of the hypotenuse multiplied by the sine of the opposite angle, or by the cosine of the adjacent angle.

### When was the Pythagorean theorem created?

The first known testimony relating to the Pythagorean theorem is contained in an early Babylonian tablet, datable between 1800 and 1600 BC. C., in which a square with the two diagonals is drawn.

### How is the hypotenuse of a right triangle having two legs?

The theorem states that in every right triangle whose hypotenuse is 'c' and the legs are 'a' and 'b' the relation holds: a2 + b2 = c2.

### How to calculate the legs of a right triangle knowing the area and the hypotenuse?

Taking these relationships into account, we can establish that the greater catheter is equal to the hypotenuse multiplied by the root of 3, all divided by 2 and, the smaller catheter is equal to the hypotenuse divided by 2.

### How do you calculate the area of โโthe triangle?

The formula for calculating the area of โโthe triangle in general is: Base for Height / 2. You can also use another formula, that of Heron, which foresees the knowledge, however, of the measure of the three sides of the triangle.

### How do you calculate the perimeter of a right triangle having the area?

- How is the area of โโthe right triangle calculated? Let's see the formula and an example together. Right triangle area formula: A = i ร h: 2.
- Right triangle perimeter formula: 2p = i + c1 + c2.
- Given a triangle with data i = 10m, c1 = 5m, c2 = 6m i = 10 m, c 1 = 5 m, c 2 = 6 m, calculate the perimeter.

### How to calculate the perimeter of a triangle having the area?

The formula for the perimeter is the general one: P = a + b + c. As well as that for the area: A = (base x height) / 2 = (axh) / 2.

### How do you calculate the perimeter of a rectangle having the area and the base?

The formula used to find the area of โโthe rectangle is "A = bxh". The formula for the perimeter of the rectangle is "P = 2 x (b + h)". In the previous formulas "A" is the area, "P" is the perimeter, "b" is the base of the rectangle and "h" its height.

### How do you find the height of an equilateral triangle?

The height of an equilateral triangle is three times the radius of the inscribed circumference, therefore to calculate the height measure it is sufficient to multiply the length of the apothem by 3. The apothem of an equilateral triangle measures 1,2 meters; how long is its height?

### How to find the height of an isosceles triangle having sides?

- L = h 2 + (b 2) 2. Oblique side (Pythagorean theorem)
- h = L 2 โ ( b 2 ) 2.
- b = L 2 โ h 2 ร 2.

### How is the height of a triangle constructed?

How to draw the heights of a triangle- He takes the ruler and rests at the base of the triangle.
- The square is placed on the ruler and dragged until it touches the vertex opposite the base. ...
- After removing all the tools from the work surface, the height relative to the base appears.

### How do you calculate the sides of an equilateral triangle?

This can be calculated using the Pythagorean theorem and considering the right triangle CHB. (triangle of 30-60-90 degrees). Since the height is also median in equilateral triangles, then we can write that: HB = CB: 2 โ HB = AB: 2 since all sides of the triangle are equal.

### How do you prove that a triangle is equilateral?

The proof is simple: since, by definition, all the points of the circumference are equidistant from the center, the segment AB is congruent to AC, and AB is congruent to BC. But then by the transitive property of congruence, AB = AC = BC and the triangle is equilateral.