Short research on fidia?
was an Athenian sculptor and architect, active from about 470 BC in Athens, Pellene, Platea, Thebes and Olympia. He was the artist who best succeeded in interpreting the ideals of Periclean Athens, who reached and informed the Greek world of the classical era also thanks to and on the basis of the Fidiac forms.
What does Phidias mean?
It is called this way because it is dedicated to Athena Parthènos, which in Greek means "virgin", and in particular it takes its name from a room that during the festivities housed the Athenian virgins in charge of serving the goddess.
Where are the statues of Phidias located?
These great works carried out with many disciples and pupils are now almost entirely preserved in the British Museum (Elgin Collection); many of the figures represented are made with the peculiar wet drapery technique devised by Phidias himself.
What is the importance of the Phidian language?
The originality of the Fidiac plastic language completely innovated Greek sculpture, giving it the imprint of "classicism", and also had a huge influence on the art of much later times.
What does Phidias introduce?
Phidias' style is characterized by a realistic representation of human anatomy, idealized with the majesty and serenity of the figures. He thus achieves a synthesis between archaic power and classical harmony.
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Who are Phidias and Polykleitos?
Polykleitos obtained the perfect proportions of his works according to the rules or laws of the Kanon (norm or rule) which the sculptors obeyed and which had the head as a unit of measure, according to other schools the finger. Phidias, active from the middle of the XNUMXth century BC, was one of the most brilliant artists of all antiquity.
In what period did Phidias work at the Parthenon and what is your post in this undertaking?
To receive the assignment from Pericles, to supervise the works of the Parthenon, it was Phidias, in 448 BC The city of Athens embarked with this project in a very expensive and laborious undertaking and it is very likely that the commission formed to follow the whole matter, he demanded a preliminary project that also included ...
What is the great contribution offered by Phidias to the history of Greek sculpture?
The works of Phidias
His most grandiose achievement was the urban arrangement of the Acropolis of Athens and in particular of the Parthenon (work began in 447 BC), of which he carried out the sculptural decoration (pediments, metopes and large frieze) preserved for the most part in the British Museum .
Where is the Parthenon statue of Athena located?
Over 12 meters high, it was located in the nàos of the Parthenon, the main temple of the Acropolis of Athens which took its name from it. Of the statue, which have not come down to us, only copies on a very small scale and some representations on gems remain.
Where is the statue of Athena located?
The statue was placed inside the Parthenon, on the Acropolis of Athens, in the front area. These are the tales of ancient writers who handed down the monumentality and beauty of the statue about 12 meters high.
Who built the Acropolis of Athens?
Phidias, a prominent Athenian sculptor, and Ictinus and Kallikrates, two famous architects, were responsible for the reconstruction.
What do the two pediments of the Parthenon represent?
The eastern pediment depicted the mythical birth of Athena from the skull of Zeus: the myth, depicted in the central part, is now completely lost. On the sides were other deities who attended the event, difficult to identify.
Who was Athena Parthenos according to the Athenians?
Among the gods of Olympus Athena is portrayed as the favorite daughter of Zeus, born already adult and armed, from the head of her father or from the calf according to others, after he had eaten her mother Meti. There are various versions of her birth; in fact one version says that Athena is only the daughter of Zeus.
What did the Parthenon sculptures represent?
On the one hand they represented well-known scenes from mythology and history; however, more generally, they were thought of as a representation of the triumph of reason and order, generally in the form of the Athenian Greeks or their gods, over animal passion and chaos.
What are the sculptures of the Parthenon?
The sculptures of the Parthenon
There are 3 main sculptural groups: the pediment, the frieze and the metopes.
What do the decorations of the Parthenon represent?
The decoration of the Parthenon
Athena presents a shield on which Pericles and Phidias (later condemned for ubris) are drawn, carries the "vike" (victory) and represents the gigantomachy. The sculptural decorations of the Parthenon were designed and drawn by Phidias (bronze artist) and carried out by his pupils.
Who made the discus thrower?
The Discobolus is a sculpture made around 455 BC (period of conjunction between pre-classical and classical) by Mirone. The original statue was in bronze, today it is known only from marble copies from the Roman era, the best of which is probably the Lancellotti version.
What was the Parthenon for?
The monument was a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena. The name "Parthenon" refers to the epithet "parthenos" of the goddess Athena (which indicates her status as a maiden and virgin), as well as to the myth of her creation, by parthenogenesis, by the head of Zeus.
Who is Pericles>?
klɛ̂ːs], "surrounded by glory"; Colargo, about 495 BC - Athens, 429 BC), was an Athenian politician, orator and soldier active during the golden age of the city, between the Persian wars and the Peloponnesian war (431 BC - 404 BC).
What does Polykleitos create?
A pupil of Agelada of Argos, he seems to have been autonomously active in the Peloponnese since 465 BC, mainly in the creation of statues for the winners of the Olympic games.
What are the innovations introduced by Policleto?
At a young age, Polykleitos created the Discophore which already represents a great novelty in the way of representing the human body. In fact, ancient art depicted men and women in a rigid pose, with their legs closed and their arms stretched out at their sides. Polycletus, on the other hand, infuses the standing position with a new naturalness.
What did Polykleitos establish?
The harmonic proportion of the parts
Policleto's search for harmony was born from the belief that beauty consists in the harmonious proportion of the parts of the body, from the most important to the smallest details.