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    Tiburio what serves?

    Tiburio what serves?


    The lantern is an architectural element that encloses a dome protecting it. It can take various forms, such as cylindrical, cubic, parallelepiped or prismatic, depending on whether the dome has a polygonal or circular plan. ... From a static point of view, the lantern covers the dome without burdening it.

    Which architectural element is unique in the world?

    The dome is the symbol of Heaven, "the sphere of history, seat of the axis of the world and a perfect miniature of the Universe, in its order and beauty.

    What is the shell in the Renaissance?

    calotte, which is from the ar. kalawta, name of the headdress of the Mamluk military aristocracy.

    What is the name of the architectural element placed at the top of the dome?

    Lantern or (little lantern). Architectural element placed on the top of a dome. Bezel. Part of a wall limited by an arch and often decorated with paintings or mosaics.

    What are the main characteristics of Milanese Romanesque architecture?

    All the elements that were modified express the synthesis of Lombard Romanesque art: solidity, rationality, balance. An example of this is the use of the ribs, which, compared to the Romanesque cross, make their load-bearing function more evident.

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    What are the characteristics of the Florentine Romanesque?

    The most evident element of this style is the partition of the facades characterized by the presence of blind round arches resting on semi-columns, by geometric squares, obtained from marble inlays, which divide the surface according to complex modularity and by windows or aedicules generally surmounted by ...

    What are the characteristics of the Tuscan Romanesque?

    The stylistic relevance of the Tuscan Romanesque consists in a type of decoration with alternating strips of marble of two colors and in the presence of complex orders of overlapping columns and loggias that develop on the facades of the churches.

    What is the name of the quadrangular architectural element in stone decorated with three vertical grooves?

    TRIGLIFO (lat. Triglyphus; from the Gr. Τρίγλυϕος "with three grooves"). - It is the narrow and protruding element, vertically fluted, which alternates with the metopes in the Doric frieze.

    What is the name of the structure above the altar?

    The presbytery is the architectural part of the church reserved for the officiating clergy, or priests. It contains the altar or, if there is more than one, the main altar. It is located at the end of the central nave and terminated by the apse.

    What is the name of the exterior of a church?

    in architecture the facade, also called front, is a wall of a building facing outwards. Usually this term means the wall where the main entrance is located, but in many types of buildings there are also side facades (for example in Gothic cathedrals).

    What are the dome caps?

    calotte, item of debated etymology]. - 1. a. Dome of the hat, or even cap without brim, skullcap that in the past was worn at home (frequent in this sense the dim.

    What are the polar caps?

    C. polar The two portions of the Earth's surface located between the parallel 66 ° 33 ′ N (Arctic Circle) and the North Pole (glacial c. Very extensive glacier that covers land and seas of the polar regions (Antarctica, Greenland). .. .

    How is a Pseudocupola built?

    The pseudocupola is frequently indicated in archeology with the name of thòlos (plural thòloi) from the Greek ϑόλος which means dome. The pseudocupole are generally made with dry polygonal masonry, that is with hewn or barely hewn ashlars that constitute rows not always of the same height.

    How does the dome of Santa Maria del Fiore differ from that of the Pantheon?

    Maria del Fiore. The width of the internal dome had to taper like that of the Pantheon, passing from 2 m at the base to 1,5 at the top; the outer shell had to shrink from the thickness of the base, slightly higher than 60 cm, to reach just over 30 cm at the height of the oculi.

    What material did the Romans use for the dome?

    The domes were built starting from the XNUMXst century BC in Rome and later in the Roman provinces of the Mediterranean Sea. Their construction was made possible by the discovery of concrete, hence the name of the Roman architectural revolution.

    How was the dome built?

    The masonry technique of the dome is very interesting: in stone up to the first seven meters, then in “herringbone” bricks. In other words, a brick was inserted between horizontal bricks at regular intervals so that the projections of the “standing” bricks supported the next ring.

    What's on the altar?

    § According to the Catholic liturgy, the crucifix must be placed clearly visible in the center above the altar; on both sides the candlesticks (six for the high altar, two for the minor altars); in churches the altar must be fixed, that is, form an inseparable whole between the table and its base; in the center of the canteen, in ...

    What is the name of where the priest preaches?

    In Christian churches, the ambo (from the Greek ἄμβων, -ωνος) is the elevated architectural structure from which the readings are proclaimed.

    What is the name of the fourth sphere that closes the apse at the top?

    architecture niche A recess in the thickness of a wall, generally with a semicircular, polygonal or rectangular plan, terminated at the top with a quarter of a sphere (basin or cap).

    What is the relationship between proportions and architectural orders?

    The architectural order is based on proportional relationships: it is a system of rules (canons) that establishes the proportional relationships between every single part of the Greek temple with every other single part of it.

    Where did the celebrations take place in the Greek temple?

    The temple was not intended for the meeting of the faithful and the sacrifices were offered on the altar that was outside, usually in front of the entrance (however, an altar could rise inside to burn incense). Indeed, the temple was often closed and in the most hidden part (ἄδυτον) only the priests entered.

    What is the name of the wall element that connects the central nave to the transept or apse?

    The transept is an architectural body of Christian churches that intersects the central nave or all aisles perpendicularly at the height of the presbytery. It is generally the same height as the central nave and can in turn be divided into several aisles (usually three).

    What architectural elements characterize the Tuscan Romanesque?

    It is the innumerable loggias, the large blind arches, the lozenges, the alternation of bands of marble in different colors, the acute profile arches, the uninterrupted rows of columns, the polychrome inlays, which give the exterior of this church an emotional power extraordinary, which manages to accompany a ...

    What are the characteristics of the Romanesque in the Po area?

    The Romanesque floor mosaic has some peculiar characteristics, such as the use of a few colors on the entire decorated surface, almost exclusively white, black and red, and the mixture of marble tiles and slabs.

    What is meant by Romanesque architecture?

    Romanesque architecture is the style of building typical of Romanesque art, which spread in Europe in the XNUMXth and XNUMXth centuries, until the affirmation of Gothic art, that is towards the middle of the XNUMXth century in France and with greater persistence in the other European countries.

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