What are kidney calyxes?
Funnel-shaped ducts that collect urine from the renal papillae and discharge it into the renal pelvis. The minor calyxes are divided into minor and major chalices, 8-12 in number, they are on average 1 cm long and flow into the major chalices.
The greater chalice surrounds the apex of the renal pyramids. The urine, after being filtered and reabsorbed in the kidney, enters a smaller calyx passing through a renal papilla located at the apex. It then continues passing into a larger calyx and finally passes into the ureter through the renal pelvis.
The starting point coincides with the so-called renal pelvis (or renal pelvis). Located within the renal hilum, the renal pelvis is that area of each kidney that receives urine from the larger calyxes. In fact, it marks the passage between the kidneys and the urinary tract.
Hydronephrosis is a pathological dilation of the renal pelvis (or renal pelvis), i.e. the first portion of the urinary tract, which collects the urine produced by the kidneys, conveying it into the ureter.
Urethral stricture causes
Urinary infections. Urethral trauma. Instrumental maneuvers in the urethra (catheterization, urethroscopy, cystoscopy, urological interventions) Dermatological disease: Lichen Sclerosus (also called Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans)
the urethral orifice, or the outlet of the urethra, located higher up, towards the pubis. the vaginal orifice, or the outlet of the vagina, located inferiorly, towards the anus.
Urinary retention is often a complication of urogenital or neurological diseases; the disorder is more frequent with increasing age, especially among men, in whom prostatic pathologies or urethral strictures cause obstruction to the flow of urine.
If the kidney is dilated, renal colic can occur. Renal colic is a sharp pain between the ribs and the hip on the affected side that appears and disappears every few minutes. The pain can radiate to a testicle or vaginal area. Nausea and vomiting may occur.
This obstruction can be: - complete if it affects both kidneys; - partial if it affects only one kidney. Due to this obstruction, the kidney dilates, which is why we also speak of "dilated kidney"; it is a direct consequence of the blocked kidney.
Consume common and whole grains at every meal; include legumes (chickpeas, beans, broad beans, lentils, lupins, peas, soy) and fish in the diet at least twice a week; reduce the weekly frequency of foods that contain proteins, species of animal origin (meat, cold cuts, eggs, cheeses and dairy products) and ...
The ureters are the ducts that allow urine to pass from the kidneys to the urinary bladder. The two ureters are arranged vertically on the sides of the spine. Their diameter measures about one centimeter, while the length is about 25-30 centimeters.
Renal colic is severe and sudden pain caused by particularly violent contractions of the bowels and hollow organs with muscular walls. Pain, located in the lower abdomen and back, may be preceded by nausea, vomiting, and a general feeling of discomfort.
Hydronephrosis is a particular pathological condition characterized by the accumulation of urine inside the kidney. This accumulation, which causes kidney swelling, is due to an obstructive blockage of the urinary tract, which normally leads out the urine formed in the kidneys.
- A reduction in urine volume, although in some cases it may not change.
- Water retention, which manifests itself as swelling of the legs, ankles or feet.
- Shortness of breath, if fluids build up in the lungs (pulmonary edema)
In anatomy, the minor chalice is a renal excretion duct that surrounds the apex of the Malpighi pyramid and ends in a major chalice.
Infrequent causes of hydronephrosis can be: blood clot created in the urinary tract, endometriosis, tuberculosis, neurogenic bladder, ovarian cysts (or polycystic ovary), stenosis of the ureter following an infection, surgery or injury.
If at the origin of the hydronephrosis there is the so-called primary vesicoureteral reflux, two countermeasures may be required: antibiotics, against possible kidney infections, and the injection of a particular liquid substance, to prevent reflux.
First degree hydronephrosis (often referred to as pyelectasis) is very frequent in ultrasound scans performed during pregnancy and, in most cases, are simple morphological variants of the renal pelvis, the organ through which the urine produced by the kidney passes.
Hydronephrosis is the dilation of the pelvis and renal calyxes and, sometimes, of the collecting ducts, secondary to an obstruction of urine flow due to stones, tumors, neurological diseases or various congenital anomalies.
This “weak” urination can be caused by a factor that causes a resistance to the escape of urine from the bladder or to a poor propulsive force of the muscle that pushes the urine out of the bladder (detrusor).
[li-tì-a-si] sf inv. med. Formation of stones in the kidneys, biliary ducts, bladder etc.
"For ureteral and kidney stones, semi-rigid or flexible ureteroscopy is performed, which passing through the natural pathways (urethra and bladder), with digital instruments and very fine optical fibers, allows to reach the stones and pulverize them by laser energy Holmium.
Causes of the problem include dehydration due to insufficient fluid intake, vomiting, diarrhea or fever, severe blockage of the urinary tract, for example caused by prostate problems, taking medications such as anticholinergics, diuretics and some antibiotics.
Water is generally a good natural diuretic, the important thing is to drink at least 1,5-2 liters of water a day to encourage regular diuresis. However, when you choose low-mineral or minimally mineralized water, the urge to urinate is greater.
Drinking a glass of cranberry juice or eating its fresh fruit is the best prevention against the proliferation of pathogenic bacteria of urinary infections. In fact, blueberry is considered a natural antibiotic that prevents the appearance of cystitis and urethritis.