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    What are the hoplites?

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    What are the hoplites?

    hoplite In ancient Greece, infantryman equipped with heavy armor (panoply, including helmet, shield, breastplate, greaves, spear and sword), which came into use after the bronze weapons of the Mycenaean era were replaced by iron ones, much more deadly .

    What did the hoplites want?

    The term hoplite indicates the Greek heavy infantry soldiers equipped with the characteristic shield called oplon, an Argive variant of the aspis. ... The war philosophy of the hoplite was based on moderation and mutual aid and not on the brave deeds of a hero, in fact there are no hoplites in the Homeric poems.

    Why are hoplites born?

    The hoplitic phalanx introduced in Greece by the military reform of the XNUMXth century BC Until the first half of the XNUMXth century BC, in Greece, only the nobles could deal with the war, because only they could afford to buy expensive chariots, horses, weapons and metal armor .

    What was the hoplitic phalanx?

    The hoplitic phalanx was the strongest infantry formation of all antiquity, at least until the arrival of the Roman manipulative legion. The Greeks, all closed in the different poleis (the numerous city-states that made up the Hellenic geographic area) were in a perennial state of war with each other.

    How did the ancient Greeks fight?

    The traditional Greek phalanx was arranged in two rows of hoplites, armed with spears (dory) and swords (xiphos), they wore a helmet (kranos), a pressed linen or bronze armor that did not protect the groin and thighs, and the greaves.


    Find 23 related questions

    What did the Athenians do?

    Greek culture was based on the authority of the head of the family, social life was the prerogative of men and all public activities were reserved for men. ... Men usually frequented the public baths, where they could converse and dedicate themselves to body care, between saunas and gymnastic exercises.

    Who was part of the Hoplite phalanx?


    The phalanx was a unison of shields and spears, each thanks to its Oplon went to cover the right of the neighbor and in turn was protected by the shield of the person he had on his left.

    What was the Macedonian phalanx?

    Description. The Macedonian phalanx brought together several units of heavy infantry: ... They were protected by heavy armor, complete with greaves, and armed with the very long Macedonian pike, the 5-7 m sarissa, which obliged the soldiers to wear the shield on the left shoulder.

    What consequences did the Hoplitic reform have?

    hoplitic reform, which historians place between the seventh and sixth centuries. BC, led to the widespread adoption of the circular shield equipped with a central handle and a handle placed on the edge: this shield allowed the warrior to arm himself with a spear and a sword.

    How much does the Spartan soldier shield weigh?

    It was a shield in the form of a concave disc, with a diameter of 90-100 cm, made of walnut wood and covered, externally with a bronze sheet and internally with leather. The total weight reached 9-10 kg.

    How did a Spartan soldier dress?

    In the Greco-Archaic period, the conventional armor of Spartan soldiers consisted essentially of a shield, a pair of greaves, a bronze musculature and an Illyrian or Corinthian type helmet. ... Adding a Greek or Roman tunic and a Spartan helmet and the panoply will be complete.

    How were the soldiers educated in Sparta?

    Spartan upbringing was extremely strict. ... The education of children had as its objective that of instilling in them a love of arms and a spirit of sacrifice. In the military camps the boys learned to endure hunger and thirst; the heat, the cold and the rain; to walk barefoot, to sleep on the ground.

    Who were the Yahoo hoplites?

    Who were the hoplites? Hoplites were the strong point of the Athenians during the First Persian War. They were infantry soldiers who fought in the phalanx, that is, in a narrow-tiered array. They were protected by a helmet, a round shield and leggings and were armed with a spear and sword.

    What values ​​characterize the Spartan soldier?

    He is still esteemed today for his ethics and moral rigor: whoever was in the military in Sparta had to be an example for the community. In the heyday of Sparta (between the sixth and fourth centuries BC), it was said that "a Spartan soldier was worth many more men than any other army."

    Who was the Philippides?

    Fidippides or Philippides (Athens, 490th century BC - Athens, August / September XNUMX BC) was an Athenian soldier, known for being a legendary emerodrome.

    What are the differences between the hoplitic and the Macedonian phalanx?

    HISTORY. The Macedonian phalanx was a battle formation designed for infantry by the Macedonian king Philip II shortly after his accession to the throne (in 360-359 BC) and was modeled on the Greek hoplitic phalanx; the main difference was in its structure and equipment.

    What is the name of the Persian king who always flees?

    Darius III of Persia - Wikipedia.

    What are the spears of the Macedonian phalanx called?

    SARISSA (Greek σάρισσα). - The oldest mention of this long spear, characteristic of the Macedonian phalanx, is found in Theophrastus, and therefore in the time of Alexander; however, it seems that the sarissa was part of the innovations introduced by Philip in the armament of his army (Diod., XVI, 3).

    Who was the Spartan soldier?

    The Spartan hoplite was the citizen-soldier of Ancient Greece, and was considered the heavy infantry of the time. He is named after the weapons and armor he used, which included the "aspis" shield, spear, short sword and bronze greaves for the legs.

    What type of combat has replaced the tactics of the Hoplite phalanx?

    Also in the West, apparently at about the same time, the tactics of the hoplites were changed and in Rome the manipulative order was replaced by the phalanx, based more on the individual action of the soldier than on the impact of the mass; moreover the Roman infantry was equipped with spears-javelins intended for the jet ...

    What does phalanx mean in Greek?

    phalanx In ancient Greece, ordering of the infantry on the battlefield, consisting in arranging the soldiers in a rigid and compact frontal array.

    Who was Draco and what did he do?

    Draco or Draconte (in ancient Greek: Δράκων, Drákōn, in Latin: Draco; Athens, about 650 BC - Aegina, about 600 BC) was an Athenian jurist and politician. He lived in the XNUMXth century BC and was the first legislator of ancient Athens.

    What did Athenian girls do?

    Then, over the years, the differences grew: the girls stayed at home, they learned from their mother and from the servants all the things they should have known when they grew up: how to cook, how to manage the house, how to take care of its administration.

    Who were the Archons and which were initially the most important in Athens?

    Major archons in Athenian history were Dracon, Solon, Pisistratus and Clisthenes, who gave a democratic order to the Attic polis by dividing the population into ten tribes.

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