What does metaplastic cells mean?
- Metaplasia: reversible changes that cells (and therefore tissue) undergo to respond to external damage, whether physical or chemical. The new cells (metaplastic cells) are better able to respond to aggression. If the damage persists, metaplasia can develop into neoplasm.
What does mature metaplasia mean?
Metaplasia is the term used for the process by which one type of fully differentiated epithelium transforms into another type of differentiated epithelium. It is usually an adaptive change that occurs in response to chronic irritation or a hormonal stimulus.
What is Paving Metaplasia?
There is also a phenomenon called evolutionary prosoplasia or metaplasia, which consists in the transformation of one cell into another belonging to the same cell line (e.g. simple non-keratinized pavement epithelium which transforms into a simple keratinized pavement epithelium) .
What is Pap smear metaplasia?
Metaplasia is a term that indicates a normal process of replacement of the mucosecerning cylindrical epithelium by the stratified flat epithelium; it is a process of evolution of this particular area which is called "transformation zone", which is normally part of the evolution of the genital system ...
What does bone metaplasia mean?
Metaplasia is defined as the transformation of one tissue into another tissue of a different nature. In particular, when it is the bone tissue that forms in a different tissue, we speak of bone metaplasia. In both human and veterinary medicine, bone metaplasia is usually associated with neoplastic forms.
Aploid cells and diploid cells
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How is intestinal metaplasia treated?
In the event of a failure of proton pump inhibitor drug therapy, the use of more invasive therapeutic interventions, such as radiofrequency ablation, laser ablation, or surgical removal of a part of the esophagus, in order to eliminate definitively the epithelium object of the process ...
What is tubal metaplasia?
Squamous metaplasia is the conversion of a monostratified mucous and / or glandular epithelium to a multilayered squamous epithelium. Squamous metaplasia is not a tumor process; in fact, the cells of the epithelium involved maintain the characteristics of growth and replication typical of healthy cells.
What does Parakeratosis mean?
parakeratosis Alteration of the normal corneification process of the epidermis, whereby the cells of the stratum corneum still retain their nucleus, while the granular layer disappears. The p. it is at the basis of the formation of scales and is therefore observed in many skin diseases, including psoriasis.
When to worry about pap smears?
When the exam is requested
Women between the ages of 21 and 30 should get a pap smear every three years. Between the ages of 30 and 65, a Pap test and HPV test should be done once every 5 years; even just a pap smear once every 3 years is acceptable.
What are cervical cells?
Mucous membrane that lines the cervical canal, i.e. the central cavity of the cervix. It continues on one side with the mucous membrane of the endometrium, on the other with the exocervix covering the portion. The endocervical mucosa is lined with a single layer of mucus-secreting cells, and contains numerous glands.
What does the presence of Metaplastic Endocervical cells mean?
The new cells (metaplastic cells) are better able to respond to aggression. If the damage persists, metaplasia can develop into neoplasm. At birth, the cylindrical glandular cells are well confined within the cervical canal, endocervix, and externally there are squamous cells.
What does inflammation mean in the Pap test?
"Phlogosis" means inflammation. If it is detected by the pap smear it may be appropriate to treat it, if it is intense / severe. What matters is that the neoplastic cells, expression of a tumor, are absent.
How is mild dysplasia treated?
The most common methods for the treatment of cervical dysplasia are laser, LEEP, surgical conization. The purpose of treating cervical dysplasia, be it medical or surgical, is to remove the lesion and thus stop the development of cancer.
What is the cervix used for?
Through the uterine cervix, capable of undergoing important morpho-functional modifications, the spermatozoa pass (and become active) for fertilization, menstrual flow and the fetus at the time of delivery.
Can anyone with papilloma virus have intercourse?
No, there is no direct relationship, HPV remains latent for a long time and can clinically manifest itself after many years with genital and / or extragenital lesions; discovering that you have it only means that you have contracted it at some point in your life. 4) "Do genital warts predispose to cancer?".
What to do if I am positive for papilloma virus?
In the event of a positive outcome of the HPV DNA test, we proceed with a colposcopy, an outpatient procedure that allows you to accurately assess the condition of the vagina and identify any area to be treated, first of all by carrying out a biopsy of the injured tissue to get a diagnosis. definitive.
What is the DNA of the papilloma virus?
The HPV test (also called DNA HPV test) consists of taking a small amount of cells from the cervix (or cervix) which are subsequently analyzed to check for the presence of Papillomavirus: infections caused by this virus can in fact be responsible cancer of the neck of the ...
How to prepare for colposcopy?Exam preparation includes:
- avoid sexual intercourse and use of creams, pessaries, douches or vaginal swabs in the 48 hours prior to the exam.
- to review the results of the last Pap tests performed and the results of any previous colposcopies.
Why repeat the Pap smear after 6 months?
ON THE RESULT APPEARS "VIRAL CYTOPATHIC EFFECT FROM HPV":
The phrase "HPV viral cytopathic effect" may be reported on the pap test and repetition in advance at 6 months is recommended instead of after 1-3 years.
What is endometrial hyperplasia?
Endometrial hyperplasia (EH) is a condition in which the uterine lining is thicker than normal. It can have many causes, but the most important association is with endometrial malignancy.
What are foci of intestinal metaplasia?
ra, Focal intestinal metaplasia is an initial modification of the gastric mucosa in response to the condition of chronic gastritis. Before arriving at a change in a neoplastic sense, important irritation stimuli on the mucosa must remain for years, not treated or monitored.
What is incomplete intestinal metaplasia?
In incomplete metaplasia, the epithelium takes on a histological appearance similar to that of the large intestine and frequently exhibits dysplasia. Intestinal metaplasia is associated with stomach cancer.
How is autoimmune atrophic gastritis treated?
Improvement of atrophic gastritis is not immediate but progresses as therapy progresses. Usually it acts by reducing - and therefore eliminating - the inflammation caused by H. pylori: to obtain this result, treatment with antibiotics is used.
What is low-grade dysplasia?
Tubular adenoma is the result of dysplasia, or a disordered growth of the epithelial lining of the colon. A tubular adenoma with low-grade dysplasia is, therefore, a formation with a low density of abnormal cells, that is, at an early stage.
What does low-grade dysplasia mean?
Epithelial dysplasia is defined as an unequivocally neoplastic intraepithelial alteration, which may precede or be associated with invasive carcinoma, with an increasing probability of association depending on the degree of dysplasia itself (25% if low-grade dysplasia, 75% if dysplasia high grade).