What is the perianal area?
The perineum is an anatomical region located in the lower part of the pelvis. This area has a rhomboid shape: the perineum extends sagittally from the lower edge of the pubic symphysis to the apex of the coccyx; transversely, it is included between one ischial tuberosity of the iliac bone and the other.
What does perineal mean?
perineal adj. [der. of perineum]. - In anatomy and medicine, of the perineum, which concerns the perineum: p. Region, lozenge-shaped area between the pubic symphysis anteriorly and the posteriomal coccyx (v.
What does perianal areas mean?
perianal adj. [comp. of peri- and anus]. - In medical language, which is located around the anus, near the edge of the anal orifice: p abscess; perianal fistula.
What is the perianal area?
The perineum, or perineal area, is an anatomical space, which, observed in a male body placed in a dorso-sacral position, also known as a gynecological position (lying on the back with the thighs and legs flexed and widened), is delimited at the top by the scrotum and below from the anus.
What is the area between the anus and testicles called?
The base of the pelvic cavity is called the pelvic floor and the anatomical space below it is the perineum (perianal area between the testicles and the anus).
What is perineal massage?
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Where is the perineal area located?
The female perineum is a mass of interlocking muscular, fascial and fibrous components; which is located between the vagina and the anus. The perineal body is also an integral attachment point for components of the urinary and fecal continence mechanisms, which are commonly damaged during vaginal delivery.
Why does my perineum hurt?
It is a local problem as chronic worry, anxiety and nervous arousal in certain individuals produce localized pain and dysfunction of the pelvic muscles. If both of these aspects are not dealt with effectively, perineum pain is bound to persist.
What are the symptoms of anus cancer?Symptoms of anus cancer, which usually appear as the disease progresses, are:
- rectal bleeding;
- presence of blood in the stool;
- itching in the perianal region;
- alternation between diarrhea and constipation;
- swollen lymph nodes in the anal region;
- presence of anorectal lesions.
What is rectocele?
The rectocele represents a kind of sliding of the rectum (prolapse) from its normal position within the vagina, caused by a loss of tone or tearing of the pelvic floor (the set of muscles, ligaments and connective tissue located in the pelvic area ).
How to relax the muscles of the perineum?
Tighten the muscles of the perineum slowly as you exhale for a count of 5, then slowly relax for a count of 10, repeat 8 times. As you activate the perineum, it relaxes the buttocks, adductors and belly.
How to cure perianal dermatitis?
To cure anal burning it is necessary to identify the cause and intervene on it. It can often be cured from a pharmacological point of view with the use of anti-inflammatory, antifungal, anesthetic and antihistamine creams or creams.
What are the male pelvic muscles?
The pelvic floor also in humans, is made up of the pubococcygeus muscle also called levator ani and all the other striated muscles, therefore voluntarily contractable, which supports the contents of the pelvis (bladder, rectum, controlling the relative emissions) and is also of great importance in the ...
How is a perianal abscess treated?
The abscess is treated by surgical incision of the skin that covers it, so as to be able to drain the pus contained in the infected cavity outside, and therefore reduce the tension, which causes pain. Often, this procedure can be done on an outpatient basis under local anesthesia.
How to relax the man's perineum?
Kegel exercises for men
Contract and pull in the muscles around the anus and urethra at the same time, hold the contraction for a count of 5 then let go and relax. Repeat the exercise and relax. It is important to rest for 10 seconds between each contraction.
What is pelvic pain?
Pelvic pain is a sense of malaise, more or less accentuated, which is perceived at the level of the pelvis, or the anatomical structure that includes the cavity of the pelvis and the organs and tissues it contains.
What is the pelvic floor?
What is the pelvic floor and what are the pelvic muscles. ... It is a set of muscles and ligaments that close the lower part of the abdominal cavity. Their job is to support all the pelvic organs, namely the bladder, uterus, urethra, vagina and rectum.
Why does rectocele come?
Rectocele occurs due to pressure on the pelvic floor. The increased pressure on the pelvic floor may be due to constipation or straining during defecation, chronic coughing, repeated weight lifting, or obesity.
How is a rectocele treated?
For moderate-severe rectoceles, there are two non-surgical remedies: these are the pessary and estrogen-based hormone therapy. What is it and what is it for? It is a rubber or plastic ring that is inserted into the vagina. It serves to block the prolapse of the pelvic organs, which overhang the vagina.
When is rectocele performed?
When the first disturbances occur it means that the rectocele has reached a size of 3 or more cm. In this case, in addition to the proctologist, the proctologist surgeon intervenes. The surgery is performed by passing through the anus and involves a surgical plasticization of the fallen wall.
How to know if I have a fissure?What are the symptoms of anal fissure?
- bleeding with bright red blood during defecation.
- itching or inflammation.
- sensation of an internal-external foreign body in the anus.
How to recognize an anal polyp?
Most polyps are asymptomatic. Rectal bleeding, usually occult and rarely massive, is the most common complaint. Cramps, abdominal pain or obstruction appear in the case of large lesions. Rectal polyps may be palpable on rectal examination.
How to tell if they are fissures or hemorrhoids?
Sharp pain, bleeding, inflammation and anal itching are the initial symptoms of hemorrhoids and fissures. However, the evolution of the two diseases is different, which is why specific treatments are required.
How to relax the levator ani?
Aswini Mudra is performed from a seated cross-legged position. After an exhalation you maintain the state with empty lungs (expiratory apnea) trying to "lift" the anus by contracting the sphincter muscles. After about 10 seconds you relax your muscles by inhaling.
How long does it take to heal from a perianal abscess?
When the wounds are very large and setons (threads or rubber bands that pass through the sphincters) are applied, healing can take up to two months. Modern techniques such as VAAFT (see), provide for healing in a short time without the need to resort to daily dressings.
What happens if a perianal abscess is not treated?
Whether surgically or spontaneously drained, a perianal abscess can still cause fistulas in up to 40% of cases; however, spontaneously draining abscesses tend to have a higher rate, up to 66%, of fistula formation.