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    What weapons of warfare were used by the Assyrian warriors?

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    Jordi Pereyra

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    What weapons of warfare were used by the Assyrian warriors?

    By the XNUMXth century BC, Assyrian warriors were well armed with a bow and spear, armored in lamellar armor, and their mounts fitted with rudimentary cloth harness but which provided useful protection in combat and against spears.

    What did the Assyrians invent?

    The Assyrians used iron weapons, much more resistant than the bronze ones used by their enemies. They had also invented ingenious war machines such as horse-drawn fighting chariots. Horses were first used in battle by this population.

    How is the Assyrian chariot made?

    The Assyrian war chariot had light and reinforced iron wheels, aspects that made it agile and resistant at the same time. It was pulled by horses and had two seats: one for the charioteer, who drove it, and one for the archer.

    What were the war machines of the Assyrians?

    The Assyrian army used iron weapons such as arrows, spears and swords. In addition, he used the ram which was a war machine consisting of a trunk with an iron tip to tear down the walls and horse-drawn fighting chariots.

    How vast was it and what territories did the Assyrian Empire include?

    The Assyrian Empire (1115-606 BC) included in the period of its maximum expansion the coasts of the Black Sea, Syria, Mesopotamia, Media, Phenicia, Palestine and Egypt.

    The Assyrians in 4 Minutes Flipped Classroom

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    Which territories are part of the Assyrian empire which urban centers?

    Beginning and end of the Assyrian Empire

    With their military strength, the Assyrians managed to found a vast empire, which included Mesopotamia, part of Anatolia, the Land of Canaan and some lands of Egypt.

    Which Assyrian kings extended the borders of the empire and which territories did they occupy?

    Adad-Nirari I (1305-1274 BC). ... In the year 1300 BC, Adad-Nirari I defeated the kings of Khanigalbat (Assyrian name of Mitanni), although supported by the Hittites, and thus extended the control of Assyria to all upper Mesopotamia and pushed to the banks of the Euphrates, the border with the Hittite empire.

    What are the Assyrian war machines called?

    The name of the Assyrians derived from the god Assur and Assur was also the name of the capital, surrounded by imposing walls with 13 gates. They were very warlike, first they adopted iron weapons and armor (breastplates, helmets, shields), cavalry, siege machines such as rams and battle towers.

    How was the society of the Assyrians organized?

    Assyrian society. : The Warrior Aristocracy was the cornerstone on which the Assyrian Society was based; the King was the absolute Head, master of the lands, while the rest of the Population, not a warrior, was made up of Peasants and Artisans, who did not enjoy any rights and lived in misery.

    What was the main characteristic of the Assyrian people?

    The Assyrian state: - The military system was based on the army; - They resorted to the system of mass deportations and many men were taken from the subjugated peoples who had to cultivate fields and other services. In case of resistance, entire populations were exterminated.

    Why are the Assyrians famous?

    The Assyrians have become infamous for their cruelty. Their main focus after a conquest was looting and dividing the spoils. For this the cities were razed to the ground and emptied of everything; moreover, whoever had killed more enemies in war was entitled to a greater part of the booty.

    Why was the Assyrian army strong?

    The Assyrian army was very strong and well organized, having learned from the Hittites how to work iron made them stronger than their enemies, moreover a close and rigorous military organization guaranteed discipline among the infantry, soldiers who moved on foot equipped with spears and swords, archers, armed with bows and ...

    Where was the Assyrian kingdom located?

    Later the term went to indicate the Assyrian empire proper which, from the ninth to the seventh century BC, dominated the whole Fertile Crescent, Egypt and most of Anatolia. Their history can be divided chronologically into three periods.

    Who was the most famous Assyrian king?

    The title of the exhibition conveys the idea of ​​its protagonist: “I am Ashurbanipal, king of the world, king of Assyria”. The king, also known as Sardanapalo, in the seventh century BC dominated an empire ranging from Egypt to Iran and was famous for his ambition, his cruelty and his passion for lion hunting.

    Who was Ashurbanipal and what did he do?

    Ashurbanipal was educated and an avid collector of texts and tablets. He sent scribes to every region of his Assyrian empire to collect ancient texts. He hired scholars and scribes to copy the texts, mainly those of Babylonian sources.

    What is the culture of the Assyrians?

    Under the king Ashurbanipal the Assyrian empire reached the maximum of its extension. The Assyrians were polytheists and the most powerful deity was Assur, the god who protected soldiers in battle. ... In honor of the gods they built grandiose temples in the center of cities.

    Why did the Assyrians introduce slavery?

    In addition to plundering and destroying conquered cities, the Assyrians deported their inhabitants en masse to enslave them. Furthermore, the Assyrians imposed very high taxes on the defeated in order to keep their massive army efficient, causing a strong impoverishment of those populations.

    Who defeated the Assyrians?

    The political events of this people, which alternated periods of splendor with periods of darkness, take place between 2500 BC and 612 BC, when they were definitively defeated by the Babylonians and their empire destroyed.

    Where is Assur located?

    Assur or Aššur (in Aramaic ܐܫܘܪ or אשור), also known as Qal'at Shirqat, was the first capital of Assyria. The ruins of the city are located on the west bank of the Tigris River, north of the confluence with the tributary Zab, in present-day Iraq.

    Who invented the chariot with wheels?

    The Indo-Iranian war chariot was introduced into Ancient Egypt by the Hyksos invaders in the XNUMXth century BC (so-called "Second Intermediate Period").

    Which civilization disappeared around 612 BC?

    Fall of the Assyrian empire, defeated by the first coalition of states in ancient history: the Medes (from the Iranian plateau), the Chaldeans (also called neo-Babylonians) and the Egyptians who destroy Nineveh.

    What are the palace gardens of the Babylonian empire called?

    The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. According to tradition, they were built around 590 BC by King Nebuchadnezzar II, in the ancient city of Babylon, near present-day Baghdad.

    What current state does Mesopotamia correspond to?

    In today's territorial subdivision it therefore corresponds to the territories of Iraq, and to part of the territories of Turkey, Syria, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.

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